June 01, 2021

It’s more than just synthetic grass.

Turf Types

Have you ever stood on artificial turf?

Did you think about what manufacturing synthetic turf involves?

It’s fine if you haven’t. Most people probably haven’t.

But, if you are wanting to learn more, we have a guide for you. Synthetic turf can be made from a variety of materials such as nylon, polyester, or combinations of both.

Check out this comparison guide to learn about the pros and cons of each type of fiber.



  • While durability can be affected by denier and yarn composition, nylon is usually stronger in direct comparison.


  • More susceptible to expansion and contraction.
  • Fades when exposed to sunlight.



  • Less prone to expansion and contraction.
  • Polyester resists UV more efficiently than nylon.


  • Not as durable than nylon per pound.



  • Water-resistant properties.
  • Resistant to tear.
  • Resistant to saltwater corrosion and mildew.


  • Both nylon and polyester are flammable. However, each behaves differently in fire; nylon melts before it burns, polyester melts before it burns.

It’s Not Only About Fiber

There are quite a few artificial grass manufacturers pitching their products out there. But, we’d like to let you in on a little secret. One of the most important elements of synthetic grass is not just the material the fiber (grass blades) is made of. The turf is a system that must be implemented correctly for optimal performance. Below are just a few components that establish a high-quality turf from a low-quality turf.


The backing is composed of two layers and coated with urethane to finish. These items are important because they secure the fibers (grass blades) in place, allow water to drain, and withstand abrasion from the base material.


Infill is an important element. Infill adds labor and time but it is the final touch that makes sure your warranty is valid and your turf performs well. Infill provides ballast, which ensures the turf is free from wrinkles and dimensionally secure. Infill also adds additional protection to the yarn and backing, aides drainage, and ensures a proper footing.


The yarn fiber is comprised of resins made with the twin challenges of durability and softness. Fibers are available in a number of shades and combinations which allow you to see a variety of greens. Additionally, thatch may be added for further realism.

Artificial Turf Fibers

Keeping Things Cool with Science

One product we particularly love is HydroChill™, our patented evaporative cooling technology.

Sweating is a natural form of thermoregulation called evaporative cooling. Moisture evaporating from the skin’s surface causes a cooling effect. Likewise, HydroChill™ has demonstrated the ability to cool synthetic turf surfaces by working on the same evaporative cooling principle. As the surface of the turf is heated by the sun’s rays, moisture in the HydroChill™ turf is released. Evaporating moisture removes heat, leaving a cooler, more comfortable playing surface.

Synthetic Turf Evaporative Cooling 

An ordinary wet lawn will provide some cooling, but temperatures may rise quickly and may exceed uncomfortable levels of heat. In real-world applications, a HydroChill™ lawn has been shown to create a notable temperature differential. HydroChill™ has achieved 30° to 50° lower surface temperatures, based on actual lab and outdoor thermocouple testing, compared to a typical synthetic turf system.

Thermocouple Test Readings from Outdoor Synthetic Turf

Less Work. More Play.

Southwest Greens is not just a product but also a solution. One that uses much less water each year, substantially reduces the impact on mother nature, and needs far less maintenance. All of which gives you the option of less work, more play.

See The Greens